Statue de la Liberté à Grenelle.


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C’est de la Statue de la Liberté éclairant le monde du sculpteur Français Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi dont il est ici question. Cette une statue modèle réduit de la statue de la Liberté que l’on trouve au pont de Grenelle. Pont qui fut complètement refait par les ingénieurs Vaudrey et Passon en 1875 en remplacant les arches en bois par une charpente métallique. Avant de commencer le titanesque ouvrage que celui de construire la statue de la liberté (celle de New York) sur la butte Montmartre de Paris, Bartholdi avait d’abord façonné une maquette en plâtre de 11 mètres 50 en 1885. Gustave Eiffel participera au projet et construira la charpente métallique de cette ouvrage monumental. C’est la version coulée en bronze de ce modèle en plâtre inauguré en 1885 qui est placée à l’extrémité aval de l’Île des Cygnes à la hauteur du pont de Grenelle. Cette statue fut offerte à la France par les citoyens français établis aux États-Unis à l’occasion du centenaire de la Révolution. Inaugurée le 4 juillet 1889 la statue aurait du être tournée vers l’ouest face aux Etats-unis comme le désirait son sculpteur. Il aurait été effectivement plus normal que la statue de la liberté eu le visage tourné vers les États-Unis faisant face à la Seine éclairant de son phare symbolique ceux qui par cette voie, pénètrent dans la ville en leur souhaitant la bienvenue. Mais dans ces conditions il aurait alors fallu procéder à la cérémonie depuis un bateau et la fête aurait alors eu des airs de régates, ce que refusa catégoriquement le président Français Sadi Carnot au nom de la République.

Carte postale de Paris - Le pont de Grenelle..
Carte postale de Paris - Le pont de Grenelle.
Pont de Grenelle et statue de la Liberté.
Pont de Grenelle et statue de la Liberté.

L’oeuvre en bronze d’Auguste Bartholdi, porte le nom de la Liberté éclairant le Monde, et mesure 11 mètres 50 et pèse 14 tonnes. C’est la parfaite réplique au 1/4 de sa grande soeur de New York.
Voir la suite de l’article La statue de la Liberté à Grenelle.

Un matin aux halles.


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Commencons donc notre parcours de la capitale par le « Ventre de Paris » si cher a Zola. Les Halles de Paris, cet espace de 10 hectare qui sera transféré à Rungis en 1969 et qui pendant plus de 800 ans a contribué à l’approvisionnement alimentaire de la capitale. Car les origines des halles de Paris remontent au XIIème siècle, en 1137 date à laquelle le roi Louis VI Le Gros décide de créer un marché sur le lieu-dit des Champeaux pour remplacer le marché central de la place de Grève. (aujourd’hui place de l’Hôtel de ville).

Paris - Un matin aux halles.
Carte postale Ancienne de Paris - Un matin aux halles.

Des Halles de Paris en charpente métallique fin 19ème siècle de Victor Baltard il ne reste rien. De ces Halles voulu par Napoléon Ier en 1808, qui souhaitait en faire le « Louvre du peuple » et inauguré en 1853 par Napoléon III seul deux des bâtiments ont survécu. Le premier le Pavillon n°8 est conservé comme témoin d’une époque aux portes de la capitale. Il vous faudra vous rendre à Nogent sur Marne pour l’admirer. Cet ancien pavillon des halles de Paris reconverti en salle de spectacle a été rebaptisé Pavillon Baltard en hommage au créateur qui y a voué sa carrière. Pour le second il vous faudra prendre l’avion et vous rendre au Japon à Yokohama. Lire la suite de l’article Le ventre de Paris.

La Seine épine dorsale Parisienne.


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C’est sur le plateau de Langres, à 471 mètres d’altitude que la Seine prend sa source. Deuxième fleuve par sa longueur la Seine parcourt 776 km jusqu’à son estuaire le Havre et Honfleur. Paris est liée à la Seine comme nous le rapelle sa devise « Fluctuat Nec Mergitur« . Elle traverse Paris sur 13 kilomètres et son débit y est de 273M3/s en moyenne. On trouve à Paris un pont en moyenne tout les 350 mètres. Plusieurs de ces ponts sont maintenant classés monuments historique et une grande partie des quais de la Seine sont inscrits à l’inventaire des sites mondiaux de l’Unesco ( entre la tour Eiffel et l’île Saint-Louis.). Les quais de Paris peuvent être considérés comme la plus belle Avenue de la Capitale.


Voir la suite de l’article La Seine épine dorsale Parisienne.

"Sous le pont Mirabeau coule la Seine" Apollinaire