Clochards Parisiens.


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Le Clochard peut-être défini comme une personne qui vit sur des lieux publics et qui ne dispose pas d’un espace privé personnel. Le vagabond n’a  donc pas de domicile fixe. Le mot clochard vient de « clocher » ou « boiter » et date de 1895. Avant le clochard était nommé mendiant ou vagabond. Un chemineau est un mendiant doublé d’un vagabond. L’attirance des grandes villes est très  forte pour les miséreux. A Paris lors des expositions universelles de 1889 et 1900 les vagabonds sont nombreux. La gazette des tribunaux en novembre 1889 rapporte le récit de rafles dans le quartier des halles. Les vagabonds arrêtés sont des provinciaux qui venus pour l’exposition, s’étaient retrouvés à Paris sans le sous et n’avaient donc pas pu ou pas voulu repartir de la Capitale.

Les chemineaux sur les berges de la Seine.
Carte postale représentant des chemineaux buvant a grande rasades un litron de vin.

 

Sous l’arche d’un large pont, des feux étaient allumés. Débris de charpentes, morceaux de planches, branches mortes, épaves laissées par la rivière, en petit tas, brulaient: un peu de flamme, peu de fumée. Des hommes, des femmes, accroupis par deux, par trois, par quatre autour de chaque feu, ne bougeait pas, ne parlaient pas. Hommes barbus, couverts de loques, sordides, hirsutes, des sacs de toiles à côtés d’eux, raccommodés, rapiécés, fermés avec des ficelles. Femmes tassées, vieilles ou jeunes, immondes, brunes ou grises sortants sous des chapeaux crasseux, pendant sur les épaules. Un vieux, à quatre pattes, soufflait sur des braises entre deux pavés rapprochés, pour réchauffer une soupe jaunâtre dans une boîte de conserve rouillée.  Léopold CHAUVEAU ( Grelu.)

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